Different languages have different ways of expression. When translating Russian, we should pay attention to the use of grammar. What do you pay attention to in Russian translation?
1. Extension of word meaning
Due to different usage habits, Chinese and Russian have many words or phrases, which are not difficult to understand from the context of the original text. However, if it is translated directly according to its literal meaning, it will appear stiff and illogical. In this case, we should extend the meaning of words, choose appropriate ways of expression, flexibly deal with some words and sentences in the original text, and translate on the basis of faithfulness to the original text.
2. Accuracy of words
Most words in Russian and Chinese are polysemy. Several words with the same meaning can be found in the translation of the original word meaning. Therefore, when selecting words, we must choose the appropriate words according to the context in the original manuscript.
3. Increase or decrease of word quantity
In many cases, the collocation habits between Russian words are obviously different from those in Chinese. In Russian translation, the collocation between several Russian words may be repeated when translated into Chinese. If directly translated into Chinese, the translation will appear wordy. In this case, the translation of Russian into Chinese needs to omit the words that have no practical meaning in the original text, so that the translation can be concise and clear.
4. Conversion of parts of speech and sentence components
There are great differences in the composition of words and sentence making between Chinese and Russian. If only the words are translated mechanically according to the original text, it will make the translation nondescript. Therefore, in order to accurately express the original text, the parts of speech should be changed according to the grammar and rhetorical habits of the two languages; When expressing the same content, some language means different from the original text can be used to replace the language forms that cannot be hard translated in the original text. It should be noted that substitution is only the exchange of parts of speech forms, not the random change of content.